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Michael slote virtue ethics summary

In its place, Anscombe called for a return to a different way of doing philosophy.
Developed mainly by feminist writers, such as Annette Baier, this account of virtue loto 12 novembre 2016 ethics is motivated by the thought that men think in masculine terms such as justice and autonomy, whereas woman think in feminine terms such as caring.Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.Thus, in order to understand Homeric virtue you need to look its social role in Greek society.Sherman,., The Fabric of Character (GB: Clarendon Press, 1989).It challenges the idea that ethics should focus solely on justice and autonomy; it argues that more feminine traits, such as caring and nurturing, should also be considered.What does inner strength have to do with being kindto people, with not deceiving them, with not harmingthem?(not quite Aristotelian yet) The same problem comes up in connection with Platos defense of morality in the Republic.Changing Modern Moral Philosophy.Characteristically, virtue ethics makes a claim about the central role of virtue and character in its understanding of moral life and uses it to answer the questions "How should I live?However, there are objections to agentbasing that need to be considered.
The effort to learn to do things for oneself expresses a kind of inner self-sufficiency that we think well.
Human nature is such that virtue is not exercised in opposition to self-interest, but rather is the quintessential component of human flourishing.
"What is the right action?" is a significantly different question to ask from "How should I live?McDowell,., "Incontinence and Practical Wisdom in Aristotle in Lovibond S and Williams.G., Essays for David Wiggins, Aristotelian Society Series, Vol.16 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1996) McDowel,., "Virtue and Reason The Monist, 62 (1979) Roberts,.C., "Virtues and Rules Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, vol.What does not seem plausible is the idea that any contemporaneously relevant and inclusive morality of human action could be based solely in ideas about inner strength.Midwest Studies in Philosophy 20 (1 83-101 (1995).Sidgwick objects to the rigidity of this hierarchy, pointing out that circumstances and consequences may affect the preferability from one or another of the motives.The resulting body of theories and ideas has come to be known as virtue ethics.This is a radical departure from the Aristotelian account of virtue for its own sake.Then, once the facts have emerged, and assuming they are clear-cut and point to painful prospects for her mother, the womans decision is once again plausibly derivable from morality as benevolence.

Metaphors of health and strength also play an important role in Stoicism, Spinoza, and Nietzsche though none offers a clear-cut example of an agent-based ethics: a genuinely agentbased theory that regards inner strength as the sole foundation for an understanding of the morality of human.
A virtue ethicist is likely to give you this kind of moral advice: Act as a virtuous person would act in your situation.